Photorelaxation induced by solvent-chromophore electron transfer

After UV-excitation, dissipation of photoenergy in 7H-adenine in water is triggered by an electron transfer from the solvent to the chromophore. photoenergyA new internal conversion mechanism induced by electron transfer from solvent to chromophore has been revealed by dynamics simulations. 

When a molecule absorbs light, it gets rid of the excess of the energy through one out of three ways: formation of new chemical compounds (photochemical reaction), re-emission of light (fluorescence or phosphorescence), or heat dissipation (internal conversion).

Internal conversion, in particular, is usually triggered by strong distortions of the molecular geometry and, for this reason, it may be inhibited within crowded environments, as protein pockets, where little space is left for geometric deformation.

I have just shown that an electron transfer from solvent molecules to the photoexcited chromophore can also induce internal conversion with little geometric distortion. Using computational dynamics simulations, I found out that when a specific tautomer of adenine (7H-adenine) in water absorbs UV radiation, it dissipates the photo-energy as heat after receiving an electron from a water molecule nearby.

After UV-excitation, dissipation of photoenergy in 7H-adenine in water is triggered by an electron transfer from the solvent to the chromophore. photoenergy

After UV-excitation, dissipation of photoenergy in 7H-adenine in water is triggered by an electron transfer from the solvent to the chromophore. photoenergy

This result revealed an unknown internal-conversion pathway, with implications for the assignment of photo-reactions in biological environments and for the design of new organic photodevices. The work was published in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Chemistry Society.

Reference

M. Barbatti, Photorelaxation induced by water-chromophore electron transfer; J. Am. Chem. Soc., doi:10.1021/ja505387c (2014). (50 free copies)

MB

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s